Oliver Sacks, neurologist & writer famously wrote about “Witty-Ticcy Ray” a surgeon with Tourette syndrome. Not an uncommon neurological syndrome in children tics are characterized by sharp involuntary movements and vocalizations.
Tics are irregular, uncontrollable, unwanted, and repetitive movements of muscles that can occur in any part of the body. Movements of the limbs and other body parts are known as motor tics. Involuntary repetitive sounds, such as grunting, sniffing, or throat clearing, are called vocal tics.
Tic disorders usually start in childhood, first presenting at approximately 5 years of age. In general, they are more common among males compared with females.
The defining symptom of tic disorders is the presence of one or more tics. These tics can be classified as:
Motor tics: These include tics, such as head and shoulder movements, blinking, jerking, banging, clicking fingers, or touching things or other people. Motor tics tend to appear before vocal tics, although this is not always the case.
Vocal tics: These are sounds, such as coughing, throat clearing or grunting, or repeating words or phrases.
Tics can also be divided into the following categories:
Simple tics: These are sudden and fleeting tics using few muscle groups. Examples include nose twitching, eye darting, or throat clearing.
Complex tics: These involve coordinated movements using several muscle groups. Examples include hopping or stepping in a certain way, gesturing, or repeating words or phrases.
Tics are usually preceded by an uncomfortable urge, such as an itch or tingle. While it is possible to hold back from carrying out the tic, this requires a great deal of effort and often causes tension and stress. Relief from these sensations is experienced upon carrying out the tic.
While the diagnosis is clinical, brain imaging, electrophysiology, blood tests to rule out reversible causes or indeed contributing factors and a thorough pre-rehabilitation assessment including evaluation for co-morbidities (associated conditions) will be required in all instances. At Buddhi Clinic our assessment includes standard outcome indicators for activities of daily life, quality of life, neuro-disability and mental health.
At Buddhi Clinic we study these in-depth, our founder having served the national Tourette clinic at Queen Square for four years. Children with tic disorders often have co-morbid problems- attention deficit & hyperactivity (ADHD), learning disorders, oppositional defiance, conduct problems and a range of behavioral issues. The problem is therefore seldom merely cosmetic and restricted to involuntary movements and gestures. From determining biological causality (such as Wilson’s disease) for the symptom, to combining drugs and non-pharmacological treatments to achieve good outcomes in our Buddhi program, we at the neuropsychiatry center have demonstrable interest & expertise.
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Ramdas has done well with us, and a follow up after 3 months saw an exceptionally changed young lad, with his head held high and much of his self-esteem regained. The tics had waned and subsequently stopped for over months.
At the heart of Buddhi Clinic is integration. We firmly believe that putting a multidisciplinary team together under one roof, to care for you, is merely the first step. To be effective and add life to years, the team has to perform in synchrony. It is here that our unique world class model, developed diligently through years of painstaking research, comes into being.
Despite my many redeeming qualities, the world views me with trepidation, not understanding that my responses are wired into me, through nature and nurture, by my evolved status as a guardian breed, created for humankind, by humankind, of humankind.
What intrigues me about the mastiff is its “sixth sense”, the instinct to modulate its behaviour in accordance with the human species; to have a place for everyone in its heart, and for everyone to have a place in its social pecking order.