Alzheimer’s disease is a neurological condition in which the death of brain cells causes memory loss and cognitive decline.
Alzheimer’s disease is a condition that affects the brain. The symptoms are mild at first and become more severe over time. It is named after Dr. Alois Alzheimer, who first described the condition in 1906.
One of the main features of the condition is the presence of plaques and tangles in the brain. Another feature is a loss of connection between the nerve cells, or neurons, in the brain. These features mean that information cannot pass easily between different areas of the brain or between the brain and the muscles or organs.
The condition usually affects people aged 65 years and over, with only 10% of cases occurring in people younger than this.
Common symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease include memory loss, language problems, and impulsive or unpredictable behavior.
As the symptoms worsen, it becomes harder for people to remember recent events, to reason, and to recognize people they know. Eventually, a person with Alzheimer’s disease may need full-time assistance.
Memory loss: A person may have difficulty taking in new information and remembering information. This can lead to:
repeating questions or conversations
forgetting about events or appointments
wandering or getting lost
Cognitive deficits: A person may experience difficulty with reasoning, complex tasks, and judgment. This can lead to:
a reduced understanding of safety and risks
difficulty with money or paying bills
difficulty making decisions
difficulty completing tasks that have several stages, such as getting dressed
Personality or behavior changes: A person may experience changes in personality and behavior that include:
becoming upset, angry, or worried more often than before
a loss of interest in or motivation for activities they usually enjoy
a loss of empathy
compulsive, obsessive, or socially inappropriate behavior
There is no single test for Alzheimer’s disease. If a doctor suspects the presence of the condition, they will ask the person — and sometimes their family or caregivers — about their symptoms, experiences, and medical history.
While the diagnosis is clinical, brain imaging, electrophysiology, blood tests to rule out reversible causes or indeed contributing factors and a thorough pre-rehabilitation assessment including evaluation for co-morbidities (associated conditions) will be required in all instances. At Buddhi Clinic our assessment includes standard outcome indicators for activities of daily life, quality of life, neuro-disability and mental health.
A number of assessment tools are available to assess cognitive function.
cognitive and memory tests, to assess the person’s ability to think and remember
neurological function tests, to test their balance, senses, and reflexes
blood or urine tests
a CT scan or MRI scan of the brain
Treatments can, relieve its symptoms and improve quality of life for the person and their family and caregivers.
The following are important elements of dementia care:
effective management of any conditions occurring alongside Alzheimer’s
activities and daycare programs
involvement of support groups and services
a CT scan or MRI scan of the brain
Treatment of co-morbid conditions including depression
Appointments at Buddhi Clinic
We'll ask for some basic information to assess your care needs.
At the heart of Buddhi Clinic is integration. We firmly believe that putting a multidisciplinary team together under one roof, to care for you, is merely the first step. To be effective and add life to years, the team has to perform in synchrony. It is here that our unique world class model, developed diligently through years of painstaking research, comes into being.